Posts tagged “XP”.

Tuning the Windows environment – File and Print Services

Windows File and Print Services

File and Print services over TCP/IP have been disabled on all my PC’s for security reasons. All PC’s communicate over IPX/SPX for File and Print sharing. To share file & print services, only bind the IPX protocol to the card with LAN users. Enable Netbios over IPX/SPX – if not, your shared resources will not show in the network browser network domain (read more about NetBIOS security).

No NT-domain is used. To avoid conflicts with laptops configured for office use (and a company’s NT Domain), do not configure an NT domain on the File and Print server. Only define the Workgroup name. This setting can be found in the control panel in ‘System’, ‘Network Identification’ settings. Use the same workgroup name on all networked pc’s, this will speed up the network lookup of PC’s.

Windows Vista and XP Network Sharing

Microsoft has removed IPX/SPX support from Windows Vista. You will need to add these protocols manually (IPX/SPX Protocol in Vista (32bit)).

You will also need to download and install the LLTD Responder (Link-Layer Topology Discovery Responder) component on computers running Windows XP to appear on the Network Map diagram on Windows Vista computers.

Tuning the Windows environment – disable services

Services that I have disabled for Windows XP:

Distributed Link Tracking Client

Help and Support

Indexing Service

IPSEC Services

Messenger

Net Logon

NetMeeting Remote Desktop Sharing

Network DDE

Network DDE DSDM

QoS RSVP

Remote Desktop Help Session Manager

Remote Registry

Routing and Remote Access

Secondary Logon

Security Accounts Manager

Security Center

Server

Smart Card

System Restore Service

TCP/IP NetBIOS Helper

Telnet

Terminal Services

Uninterruptible Power Supply

Universal Plug and Play Device Host

WebClient

WMI Performance Adapter

References used:

TweakHound’s Super XP Tweaking Guidebad tweaks list.

Dutch digest of XP and Vista help pages by PcLeek.com.

sysinfo.org, Startup Application list.

Kelly’s Korner

Security Task Manager ‘known processes‘ by A. Neuber.

Tuning the Windows environment – msconfig

Tuning the XP and Vista environment

The Registry plays a crucial part of the operating system and may become fragmented and cluttered with obsolete and invalid data. Essential system and application configuration settings are stored in ‘ini’ files. Here are some techniques (for advanced users only) to improve the performance of a Windows XP system.

Windows System Configuration Utility (Msconfig)

‘MSCONFIG’ is a system tool that allows you to temporarily change, enable or disable startup programs and services.

msconfig

Tuning the Windows environment – optimize XP for audio and video

To optimize XP for audio and video

  • Turn off system sounds
  • Adjust Video Effects for best performance
  • Under Processor Scheduling, select “Background services”
  • Under Virtual Memory, select “No paging file” (provided that enough RAM is installed)

Wintel Desktop

This is a custom built system. While all components are quite old, the system still does a good job.

ASUS P4P800-VM
AI Bios ver. 08.00.09 PPVM1701
Intel 865GE, P4 478 800FSB, VGA, SATA, 4DDR Dual Channel PC3200, 3PCI, SOUND, LAN

INTEL PIV 2600
Intel Pentium 4
512KB Cache Socket 478 800FSB
Boxed with cooler Hyper-Threading
APACER Memory module
2 x DDR 256MB 400Mhz PC3200
Kingston KVR400X64C3A/512
2 x 512Mb PC3200 CL3 184-Pin DIMM

AOPEN
300W Case
Black Housing
iiyama Vision Master 1451
Vision Master 1451
Logitech® Media Keyboard
Logitech® QuickCam® Zoom
Logitech QuickCam Zoom
Logitech®TrackMan Marble+
Logitech Trackman Marble Plus
MSI Star Key 2.0 Bluetooth USB Dongle
MSI Star Key 2.0
ASUS WL-167g
Asus Wireless USB

Desktop storage description
The Desktop PC’s Hard Disk is configured with two partitions:
one 15 Gb partition for the Operating System (Windows XP Pro) and the Programme Files,
one 145 Gb partition for the Data Storage.

Western Digital 160GB (WD1600JD)
SN WMAES4588646
WD Caviar SE SATA 8.9ms
7200rpm 8M Hard Drive


Apacer USB 2.0 Card Reader
S/N 26541001901544
Black – CF Type I & II, Microdrive, SM, MMC, SD, MS, MS/PRO + USB 2.0
NEC-3520 (Black)
599960350 - Firmware 3.04
16x DVD re-writer


ZIP Plus
Iomega ZIP Plus


Installed Operating System:

Windows XP
Professional Edition
Service  Pack 3

WinAMD Desktop

WinAMD Desktop

This is a custom built system. While all components are quite old, the system still does a good job.

MSI K7N2G
ATX Mainboard – Socket 462 – Socket A
Supports Athlon XP, Duron and Sempron
NVIDIA® nForce2 IGP Chipset
333FSB, VGA, 5 PCI, SOUND, LAN
AMD Sempron 2600+
S462 (Socket A) Boxed
SN E106332C51538
1.833 Ghz – 256KB L2 Cache 266FSB – Boxed with cooler
OCZ Memory
OCZ4001024V3 1024MB 400MHZ DDR
2 x OCZ4001024V3 – 1024MB 400MHZ DDR PC-3200


AOPEN QF50A (Black)
300W Case
AOpen QF50A Black
Benq T720
Benq T720
Amarina KBS8700
QuickCam Messenger
WinTV-PVR-150  Model 01046

Desktop storage description

The Desktop PC’s Hard Disk is configured with three partitions:
(C:) System    one 20 Gb partition for the Operating System (Windows XP Pro) and the Programme Files,
(D:) Data        one 55 Gb partition for the Data Storage.
(M:) Media    one 150 Gb partition for the Multimedia Data Storage (music and video).


Western Digital 80Gb
SN WCAM94847819
EIDE 8Mb ATA100 7200RPM


Western Digital 160GbWD1600JB
WD 160 GB, 7200 RPM, 8 MB Cache
Firmware Rev. 1-01
NEC 4571
Bose MediaMate®
Bose Mediamate Speakers
Logitech®
TrackMan Marble+
Logitech Trackman Marble Plus

Installed Operating System:

Windows XP
Professional Edition
Service  Pack 3
Additionally, changes have been made for security and to optimize the disk space use:
– ‘My Documents’ has been moved to the D: drive
to make this change, right click on the folder, select properties
in the Target tab, select Move
– ‘Temporary Internet Files’ folder has been moved to the D: drive
to make this change, go to the control panel and open Internet Options
in the General tab, select Temporary Internet files Settings
– ‘Temp’ folders have been moved to the D: drive
to make use of these folders, you must change the Environment Variables of the System Properties
create the directories first, then go to the control panel and open System
select Advanced of the System Properties and edit the environment variables:
in User variables:
Temp  -> replace %USERPROFILE% by D:
TMP    -> replace %USERPROFILE% by D:
in System variables:
Temp  -> replace %SystemRoot% by D:
TMP    -> replace %SystemRoot% by D:


Microsoft File and Print Sharing has been disabled. File are shared through ftp with the FileZilla Server.
This allows any system (including Linux and Vista) to access files on my shared folders.

Services optimization has been done based on the list provided by TweakHound’s super tweaks.
Display settings have been set for optimal performance.

To keep the system running smoothly, you can refer to the Complete PC Preventive Maintenance Guide (PC World)

Tuning the Windows environment – Netbios Security

Netbios Security
In Windows XP, you can secure your files from the Internet and disable Netbios over IP in the TCP/IP protocol settings (Advanced options). Windows uses the NetBIOS protocol to share files and print services over your home LAN. By default, NetBIOS is routed over TCP/IP and as such creates a security vulnerability on your PC. Check your TCP/IP protocol bindings and disable file and printer sharing. In the advanced TCP/IP settings, under the WINS tab, disable NetBIOS over TCP/IP.
Install IPX/SPX. IPX/SPX is not installed by default. If you need to share files and printers, then install Novell’s IPX/SPX powerfull protocols. In the Network Connection’s Properties, choose Install and Protocol: NWLink IPX/SPX/NetBIOS.
Make sure the network bindings are adjusted. This you can modify with the Network Connections Advanced Menu Option ‘Advanced Settings’ in the ‘Adapters and Bindings‘ tags. Under the Start menu, select ‘Network Connections’. In the Network Connections window, select ‘Advanced’ from the top menu. In the pull-down menu, go to ‘Advanced Settings’. The Advanced Settings show the ‘Adapters and Bindings’ with the enabled bindings for each Connection. Make sure only NWLink IPX/SPX/NetBIOS is enabled (see Dutch example below):

Read also the Step-by-step procedure for Network Bondage on the Shields Up! pages.