VPN Clients with DD-WRT firmware

serveVPNThe DD-WRT firmware Version v3.0-r30082  includes VPN Client support.

These are the steps that did the job to use the PureVPN client. Other clients like the vyprVPN or the ExpressVPN client may work as well.

Logon to the router and first make a backup of your current configuration (go to the Administration tab and select Backup).

On the DD-WRT control panel, in the Setup tab, go to “Basic Setup

  • Change the WAN Setup (from Automatic Configuration – DHCP) to “PPTP” protocol.
  • “Gateway (PPTP server)” select the Domain Naming Server (DNS) address for PPTP/L2TP from the PureVPN server list (vyprVPN server list)
  • “Username” enter the username provided by PureVPN (not your email address).
  • “Password” enter the password provided by PureVPN.
  • “Use DHCP” select “Yes” (all other options are set to “No”)
  • “Additional PPTP Options”: write “refuse-eap” in the option box.
  • Network Address Server Settings (DHCP): “DHCP server” is “enable

WAN

click “Apply Settings” and then hit “Save”.

On the DD-WRT control panel, in the Security tab, go to “VPN Passthrough

  • “IPSec Passthrough” is “enable
  • “L2TP Passthrough” is “enable

pastr

Note that PPTP Passthrough may need to be enabled to make some VPN Clients work correctly.

click “Apply Settings” and then hit “Save”.

On the DD-WRT control panel, in the Status tab, go to “WAN

“Login Status” click the Connect (or Disconnect) button to start/stop the connection

Note that you may need to remove static DNS settings on both the router and your personal devices (PC, Tablets, etc.):

dns

Be aware that the use of the VPN Client may drastically reduce the throughput on the Internet.

To revert to its previous value or disable the use of the VPN, ‘reset’ the WAN Connection Type setting. (e.g.  “Automatic Configuration – DHCP”).

Internet streaming outside country of origin

serveVPNExpats and globetrotters may share the challenge to watch their favourite programmes from home, while accessing the Internet from abroad. You will need a stable and high speed on the local Internet connection to make the VPN work.

These VPN solutions have done the job so far:

logoRTVE outside Spain on iPad and iPhone try ExpressVPN.

bbciplayeroutside UK on MacBook try NordVPN, PureVPN or ExpressVPN.

VRTsporzaoutside Belgium on MacBook and Windows 10 try NordVPN, PureVPN or vyprVPN.

 

Alternatively you can try streaming services:

FilmonTV

FirstOne TV

 

If you have a router with DD-WRT firmware, read my post for VPN Clients use on the router.

Check for DNS leak test.

Read also the thevpn.guru-Retinaarticle(s).

3G Mobile Wi-Fi Modem (TL-MR5250)

M5250-05TP-LINK 3G Mobile Wi-Fi Modem (TL-MR5250)

Spain is notorious for its high internet tariffs. If you are staying on the Canary Islands without a free wi-fi service available, you may opt for a prepaid sim card. For convenient concurrent access with laptops, tablets and smartphones, you can install the sim card in a 3G router, like the TP-LINK 3G Mobile Wi-Fi Modem.

  • built-in 3G modem – HSPA+/HSPA/UMTS/EDGE/GRPS/GSM
  • DL: 21.6Mbps, UL:5.76Mbp
  • Powerful 2000mAh battery
  • IEEE 802.11b, IEEE 802.11g, IEEE 802.11n
  • Supports up to 10 users simultaneously
  • Firmware Version: 1.0.1 Build 131015 Rel.39500n

works with simyo sim, Lebara sim, Euskaltel sim and DIGI mobil

esim

Settings for DIGI mobil (prepaid sim) in Canary Islands

Dial-up settings:
Dial-up type: automatic
Data roaming: enable

Profile Management:
APN Type: Static
APN: internet.digimobil.es
Authentication Type: CHAP

PIN Management:
SIM Card PIN disabled

Settings for Lebara (prepaid sim) in Canary Islands

Dial-up settings:
Dial-up type: automatic
Data roaming: enable

Profile Management:
APN Type: Static
APN: gprsmov.lebaramobile.es
Authentication Type: PAP

PIN Management:
SIM Card PIN disabled

Settings for Euskaltel Internet (contract sim) in Canary Islands

Dial-up settings:
Dial-up type: automatic
Data roaming: disable

Profile Management:
APN Type: Static
APN: internet.euskaltel.mobi
Username: CLIENTE
Password: EUSKALTEL
Authentication Type: CHAP

PIN Management:
SIM Card PIN disabled

APN settings for mobile Internet providers

esimAPN settings for mobile Internet providers in the Canary Islands:

simyo 4G on Orange (roaming)

APN settings for Orange World
APN:orangeworld

Username: orange
Password: ******
MCC: 214
MNC: 03
Authentication type: PAP
APN type: internet

Orange 4G on Orange (roaming)

APN (Android – portable hotspot) settings for Orange World
APN:orange
Username: orange
Password: ******
MCC: 208
MNC: 01
Authentication type: PAP
APN type: default,supl
APN protocol: IPv4

DIGI mobil 3G on Movistar (roaming)

APN (Android – portable hotspot) settings for Movistar
APN: movistar.es
Username: movistar
Password: ******
MCC: 208
MNC: 01
Authentication type: CHAP
APN type: default,supl
APN protocol: IPv4

Lebara 3G on Vodafone (prepaid)

APN (Android – portable hotspot) settings for Lebara
APN: gprsmov.lebaramobile.es
MCC: 214
MNC: 06
Authentication Type: PAP or CHAP
APN Type: default, supl
APN Protocol: IPv4

Euskaltel 3G on Orange

iPhone settings can be loaded from the dedicated iphone settings page.
APN (Android – portable hotspot) settings for Euskaltel Internet
APN:ineternet.euskaltel.mobi
Username: CLIENTE
Password: EUSKALTEL
MCC: 214
MNC: 03
Authentication type: PAP
APN type: default,dun
APN protocol: IPv4

Find more info on APN Changer and Wikia.

Mac OS X file locations

dataWhere does Mac OS X store data files?

 

Mail files are stored in (hidden) Library sub-directories

~/Library/Mail
~/Library/Mail/V6 (Mojave)

mail preferences are in the ‘com.apple.mail.plist’ file, stored in the /Library/Preferences directory

more details can be found at about tech

Contacts are stored in (hidden) Library Application sub-directories

~/Library/Application Support/AddressBook

Calendar files are stored in (hidden) Library sub-directories

~/Library/Calendars

 

Remove Windows 10 Upgrade Notification

W10How to remove the Windows 10 Upgrade Notification

If your PC runs Windows 7, Microsoft may send you notifications to upgrade to Windows 10. In case you do not want to upgrade and want to get rid of the notifications, you can follow these steps:

  • Uninstall Update for Windows KB3035583
  • Delete the GWX Program
    the GWX process has to be stopped and the program removed. It’s located in C:\Windows\System32\GWX and C:\Windows\SysWOW64\GWX in 64 bit systems. Delete the entire GWX folder.

Synology DiskStation DS1511+

synology_ds1511Synology DiskStation DS1511+

  • CPU INTEL Atom D525
  • Frequency : Dual Core 1.79 GHz
  • Memory : DRAM 1024 MB
  • Internal HDD/SSD :
  • External HDD Interface : 4 x USB 2.0 – Type A, 2 x eSATA 3Gb/s
  • LAN : 2 Gigabit interface
  • Wake on LAN/WAN
  • 1 x VGA – HD-15
  • DSM 6.2.2-24922

 NAS with excellent performance, security features, convenient web interface, good external USB drive support and optional application packages, supports SyncBack (backup and synchronisation windows client)

Built-in support for “Free DNS” DDNS service

 Logitech Media Server updates were discontinued by Synology for a while but are back.

DSM 6.1.4-15217 includes an updated Logitech Media Server stable version.

iPAD users can use the SqueezePad app to remotely control the Logitec Media Server.

iPhone users can use the iPeng app to remotely control the Logitec Media Server.

LmsRepackLogitech Media Server notes:

DSM 6.0.2-8451 includes Logitech Media Server version 7.7.6-113 which works fine with iTunes plugin enabled and handles correctly all playlists:
Logitech Media Server Version: 7.7.6 – 1452060463 @ Thu Jan 21 02:17:04 UTC 2016
Perl Version: 5.24.0-0066 – x86_64-linux
Database Version: DBD::SQLite 1.34_01 (sqlite 3.7.7.1)

Logitech Media Server (LMS) notes (prior to DSM 6.0-7321):

The configuration below worked fine with the iTunes plugin enabled and handles correctly all playlists:

  • Logitech Media Server Version: 7.9.0 – 1437640078 @ Thu Jul 23 09:08:35 UTC 2015
    this LMS version is the LMS Repack based on the latest Synology package of Logitech Media Server, and updated to LMS 7.9.0. Read first the instructions on the Synology-Forum.nl (in Dutch).
  • Operating system: Synology DiskStation (DSM 5.2-5592 Update 2) – EN – utf8
  • Perl Version: 5.18.4 – i686-linux
  • Audio::Scan: 0.95
  • Database Version: DBD::SQLite 1.34_01 (sqlite 3.7.7.1)

The iTunes library was generated by a Windows7 iTunes 64-bit version 12.2.1.16. Internet stream library entries and podcasts can cause a misbehaviour of the playlists and were removed. Apple’s Protected AAC Audio will not play and were converted (check my post how to convert).

iTunes plugin settings:

  • iTunes Music Library.xml Location: /volume1/music/iTunes/iTunes Music Library.xml
  • iTunes Media Folder: /volume1/music/iTunes/iTunes Media

LMS Basic settings:

  • Media Folders: /volume1/music/iTunes/iTunes Media
  • Playlists Folder: /volume1/music/iTunes/iTunes Media

Tuning the Windows environment – Windows 7 Housekeeping

Windows Housekeeping

The foundation to make the housekeeping process easy and efficient is the partioning of my hard disk(s).

While the primary partition holds the operating system and programme files, the secondary is dedicated to the data files. This way, the operating system may be re-installed at any time without data loss. Disk cleanup and defragmentation will run faster and more efficient. Finally, also the system performance may be improved. The SSD partition(s) on my hybrid ultrabook is left untouched.

Removing unused and temporary information from your system allows Windows to run faster and more efficiently:

  • Perform a regular disk cleanup and defragmentation of the volumes
  • Clean the startup entries after software installation and upgrades
  • Perform a regular registry cleanup and defragmentation
  • Perform a regular complete virus scan of your disks
  • Perform a regular complete spyware scan of your system
  • Defrag the pagefile

Check my related posts:

Tuning the Windows environment – Windows 7 optimization‘,

Microsoft Windows support pages

disable services‘,

reclaim disk space‘,

and Best of Breed section for a selection of freeware tools to help you with these tasks.

Check out the Windows Sysinternals website for latest tool developments.

Tuning the Windows environment – Windows 7 optimization

Here is a list of items that I apply to optimize a Windows 7 system.

Safety first! Before you apply any of these changes it is recommended to make a windows restore point.

1) Review the System Properties – Adjust the Performance Options in the Advanced Systems Settings:

Visual Effects:

Adjust for best performance.
In case you want to keep the look and feel of Windows 7, then tag:
enable desktop composition, enable transparent glass, show thumbnails instead of icons, smooth edges of screen fonts, use drop shadows for icon labels on the desktop, use visual styles on windows and buttons

Visual  Visuels

Virtual Memory (Advanced Tab):

Adjust the pagefile size used for Virtual Memory (a.k.a. swap file). The recommended size is equivalent to 1.5 times the amount of physical installed memory (RAM) on your system.
In case you have a (fast) secondary or subsequent physical internal drive installed in your system (not an external drive), you may opt to move the paging file to one of these drives.

VirtualMemory

 

2) Adjust Visuals and Sounds:

  • Disable slide show on your desktop and tidy up your Windows desktop
  • Disable (untag) transparency for windows borders in Window Colour and Appearance:

WindowsColours

  • Use solid colours
  • Turn off system sounds

3) Adjust the Windows Update settings

disable Automatic Updates and select notification only

Windows Updates

4) Disable the User Account Control Settings (Never Notify):

UACS

5) Set the Power Options to High Performance

WindowsPowerOptions

setup a VPN to your home network with Windows 7 and a Belgacom b-box2

bbox2setup a VPN to your home network with Windows 7 and a Belgacom b-box2

Here is a way to setup a VPN access from a Windows 7 PC to your home network with a Windows 7 PC as host PC:

1) assign a fixed IP address to the host Windows 7 PC on your home network (in this example 192.168.1.9)

2) set port forwarding on your Belgacom b-box router:

b-box2 firewall

  • – create a new entry in LAN Servers

bbox2_port1723

3) use a dynamic DNS service to overcome the ever changing IP address changes applied by Belgacom on your b-box router

4) setup the incoming remote connection on the host Windows 7 PC:

  1. First go to Control Panel and open Network and Sharing Center.
  2. Click on Change adapter settings.
  3. Press Alt+F and select New Incoming connection
  4. Put a check on who you’d like to give access to this computer or you can configure a new account by clicking on Add someone,after that click on Next.
  5. Put a check mark on Through the Internet. Click on Next.
  6. Select the protocols you want to enable for this connection. Click on Allow access.
  7. Make a note of the Computer name as this will be used by the client to connect to this computer and after that Click on Close.

5) setup the VPN connection on the remote Windows 7 PC:

  1. First go to Control Panel and open Network and Sharing Center.
  2. Click on Set up a new connection or network.
  3. Select Connect to a workplace then click on Next.
  4. Select Use my internet connection (VPN).
  5. Type the IP address or computer name (or the dynamic DNS name you created in step 3) where you wish to connect and your connection name under the Destination name field.
  6. Enter a User name and password that has been granted access to the host computer.
  7. For getting connected through created VPN connection, you can either right-click on the Network icon in the system tray and select Network and Sharing Center or go to Control Panel and open Network and Sharing Center, and click on Connect to a network.
  8. Now connect VPN Connection windows will appears.

see also the Pureinfotech article about a VPN connection in Windows 7